CANADA'S INNOVATION LEADERS
CANADA'S INNOVATION LEADERS
 



Canada’s Top 100 Corporate R&D Spenders 2018


Rank Company R&D Spending Revenue R&D Intensity Industry
2017 2016 FY2017
$000
FY2016
$000
% Change
2016-2017
FY2017
$000
R&D
Spending
as % of
Revenue**
1 1 Bombardier Inc.* $1,603,771 $1,968,653 -18.5 $21,060,695 7.6 Aerospace
2 2 Magna International Inc.* $677,869 $662,400 2.3 $47,513,177 1.4 Automotive
3 8 IBM Canada Ltd. (fs) $525,000 $478,000 9.8 nd Software & Computer Services
4 5 BCE Inc. $514,300 $518,900 -0.9 $22,719,000 2.3 Telecommunications Services
5 6 Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. (fs) $513,000 $511,000 0.4 nd Aerospace
6 9 Constellation Software Inc.* $475,473 $415,645 14.4 $3,219,776 14.8 Software & Computer Services
7 3 Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.* $468,795 $557,741 -15.9 $11,328,986 4.1 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
8 7 Rogers Communications Inc. $459,143 $480,555 -4.5 $14,143,000 3.2 Telecommunications Services
9 15 Open Text Corporation* $365,790 $257,087 42.3 $2,975,167 12.3 Software & Computer Services
10 12 Apotex Inc. $363,688 $311,870 16.6 $2,202,789 16.5 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
11 17 Suncor Energy Inc. $350,000 $200,000 75.0 $32,176,000 1.1 Energy/Oil & Gas
12 4 Canadian Natural Resources Limited $345,000 $549,000 -37.2 $16,651,000 2.1 Energy/Oil & Gas
13 10 BlackBerry Limited* ++ $310,365 $405,389 -23.4 $1,210,295 25.6 Software & Computer Services
14 11 Ericsson Canada Inc. (fs) $310,000 $315,000 -1.6 nd Comm/Telecom Equipment
15 13 CGI Group Inc. $271,127 $267,082 1.5 $10,845,066 2.5 Software & Computer Services
16 16 AMD Canada (fs) $248,362 $218,807 13.5 nd Electronic Systems & Parts
17 20 TELUS Corporation $240,000 $184,000 30.4 $13,304,000 1.8 Telecommunications Services
18 19 BRP Inc.++ $198,600 $184,100 7.9 $4,486,900 4.4 Other Manufacturing
19 21 CAE Inc. $186,000 $150,000 24.0 $2,704,500 6.9 Aerospace
20 28 Shopify Inc.* $176,606 $98,480 79.3 $874,353 20.2 Software & Computer Services
21 18 Imperial Oil Limited $154,000 $195,000 -21.0 $29,125,000 0.5 Energy/Oil & Gas
22 25 Huawei Canada (fs) $142,882 $127,479 12.1 nd Comm/Telecom Equipment
23 24 Mitel Networks Corporation* $135,704 $127,843 6.1 $1,375,347 9.9 Comm/Telecom Equipment
24 27 Hydro-Québec $132,000 $122,000 8.2 $13,468,000 1.0 Electrical Power & Utilities
25 22 Cisco Canada (fs) $130,175 $133,968 -2.8 nd Comm/Telecom Equipment
26 23 Sanofi (fs)(a) $123,000 $130,000 -5.4 $758,587 16.2 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
27 29 Sierra Wireless, Inc.* $109,402 $97,631 12.1 $898,731 12.2 Comm/Telecom Equipment
28 34 Ontario Power Generation Inc. $106,000 $82,000 29.3 $5,158,000 2.1 Electrical Power & Utilities
29 31 Bayer Inc. (fs) $104,861 $92,202 13.7 $1,142,883 9.2 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
30 32 ProMetic Life Sciences Inc. $101,946 $89,744 13.6 $39,115 260.6 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
31 26 Maxar Technologies* $100,969 $126,452 -20.2 $2,118,248 4.8 Software & Computer Services
32 30 Pfizer Canada Inc. (fs) $97,865 $97,121 0.8 $1,199,741 8.2 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
33 33 Linamar Corporation $86,605 $85,292 1.5 $6,546,458 1.3 Automotive
34 35 Arbutus Biopharma Corporation* $81,391 $81,148 0.3 $13,895 585.8 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
35 38 Novelis Inc.* (fs) $75,319 $71,539 5.3 $12,454,873 0.6 Mining & Metals
36 41 Evertz Technologies Limited $73,699 $66,892 10.2 $384,432 19.2 Comm/Telecom Equipment
37 43 EXFO Inc.* $68,987 $63,425 8.8 $315,951 21.8 Comm/Telecom Equipment
38 44 GlaxoSmithKline Inc. (fs) $68,271 $62,452 9.3 $729,426 9.4 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
39 45 Syncrude Canada Ltd. $67,933 $61,886 9.8 nd Energy/Oil & Gas
40 36 Westport Fuel Systems Inc.* $66,303 $78,710 -15.8 $320,836 20.7 Other Manufacturing
41 82 Novelion Therapeutics Inc.* $63,642 $19,586 224.9 $179,776 35.4 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
42 42 Stars Group Inc.* $62,842 $64,414 -2.4 $1,704,172 3.7 Software & Computer Services
43 47 Microsemi Storage Solutions Ltd.* (fs) $61,358 $54,229 13.1 $1,660 Electronic Systems & Parts
44 Amgen Canada Inc. (fs) $60,600 $66,500 -8.9 nd Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
45 66 Teck Resources Limited $55,000 $30,000 83.3 $12,048,000 0.5 Mining & Metals
46 46 Optiva Inc.* $54,468 $60,273 -9.6 $179,108 30.4 Software & Computer Services
47 55 Descartes Systems Group Inc.* ++ $54,287 $47,105 15.2 $308,338 17.6 Software & Computer Services
48 53 Zymeworks Inc.* $54,215 $48,774 11.2 $67,218 80.7 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
49 51 Novartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. (fs) $51,000 $49,000 4.1 nd Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
50 50 AstraZeneca Canada Inc. (fs) $47,071 $50,065 -6.0 $626,933 7.5 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
51 56 Enghouse Systems Limited $45,890 $46,339 -1.0 $325,368 14.1 Software & Computer Services
52 90 Lockheed Martin Canada (fs) $44,968 $16,244 176.8 $460,920 9.8 Aerospace
53 59 Cascades Inc. $44,964 $38,197 17.7 $4,321,000 1.0 Forest & Paper Products
54 83 Aurinia Pharmaceuticals Inc.* $44,061 $19,255 128.8 $545 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
55 57 Avigilon Corporation* $43,376 $43,121 0.6 $530,646 8.2 Computer Equipment
56 51 Pharmascience Inc. $42,947 $49,000 -12.4 $525,647 8.2 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
57 Eli Lilly Canada Inc. (fs) $42,194 $40,726 3.6 nd Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
58 48 Concordia International Corp.* $40,883 $53,836 -24.1 $813,143 5.0 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
59 60 Martinrea International Inc. $40,808 $37,477 8.9 $3,690,499 1.1 Automotive
60 49 Dorel Industries Inc.* $40,341 $51,789 -22.1 $3,347,360 1.2 Other Manufacturing
61 80 Resverlogix Corp.* $38,884 $20,839 86.6 $0 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
62 65 Trillium Therapeutics Inc. $38,420 $30,030 27.9 $0 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
63 61 Monsanto Canada Inc. (fs) $37,528 $35,297 6.3 $1,010,063 3.7 Agriculture & Food
64 72 Canadian Solar Inc.* $37,370 $23,061 62.0 $4,402,764 0.8 Energy/Oil & Gas
65 64 Northland Power Inc. $36,785 $31,255 17.7 $1,376,256 2.7 Electrical Power & Utilities
66 76 Clementia Pharmaceuticals Inc.* $35,589 $22,326 59.4 $0 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
67 58 Thales Canada Inc. (fs) $34,215 $38,700 -11.6 $692,000 4.9 Electronic Systems & Parts
68 63 Celestica Inc.* $34,023 $32,988 3.1 $7,935,095 0.4 Electronic Systems & Parts
69 68 Kinaxis Inc.* $33,532 $29,299 14.4 $173,125 19.4 Software & Computer Services
70 70 Ballard Power Systems Inc.* $32,494 $26,267 23.7 $157,505 20.6 Machinery
71 79 IMAX Corporation* $27,082 $21,614 25.3 $494,464 5.5 Other Services
72 81 L3 WESCAM (fs) $26,462 $25,224 4.9 nd Aerospace
73 74 Pason Systems Inc. $25,219 $22,848 10.4 $245,643 10.3 Software & Computer Services
74 88 Absolute Software Corporation* $22,758 $16,422 38.6 $118,447 19.2 Software & Computer Services
75 86 Enbridge Inc. $22,500 $18,300 23.0 $44,378,000 0.1 Energy/Oil & Gas
76 89 Servier Canada Inc. (fs) $20,831 $16,313 27.7 $359,752 5.8 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
77 75 Winpak Ltd.* $20,261 $22,744 -10.9 $1,151,565 1.8 Rubber & Plastics
78 95 CES Energy Solutions Corp. $20,000 $15,000 33.3 $1,078,000 1.9 Energy/Oil & Gas
79 Field Upgrading Limited $19,600 $9,820 99.6 $0 Energy/Oil & Gas
80 92 Espial Group Inc. $19,306 $15,511 24.5 $33,433 57.7 Software & Computer Services
81 93 Mediagrif Interactive Technologies Inc. $19,085 $15,395 24.0 $77,738 24.6 Software & Computer Services
82 85 Computer Modelling Group Ltd. $17,842 $18,366 -2.9 $75,097 23.8 Software & Computer Services
83 67 Titan Medical Inc.* $16,753 $29,911 -44.0 $0 Medical Devices & Instrumentation
84 96 Intertape Polymer Group Inc.* $15,065 $14,295 5.4 $1,166,306 1.3 Rubber & Plastics
85 84 Resolute Forest Products Inc. (fs) $14,400 $18,400 -21.7 $3,193,000 0.5 Forest & Paper Products
86 Essa Pharma Inc.* $14,179 $17,302 -18.0 $0 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
87 78 AEterna Zentaris Inc.* $13,900 $21,853 -36.4 $1,199 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
88 BSM Technologies Inc. $12,745 $8,641 47.5 $66,717 19.1 Comm/Telecom Equipment
89 Velan Inc.* ++ $12,477 $10,557 18.2 $438,879 2.8 Other Manufacturing
90 Vecima Networks Inc. $12,091 $10,866 11.3 $71,460 16.9 Comm/Telecom Equipment
91 Intellipharmaceutics International Inc.* $12,039 $10,820 11.3 $7,147 168.4 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
92 Theratechnologies Inc. $11,856 $7,594 56.1 $42,864 27.7 Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology
93 69 Rio Tinto Iron & Titanium Inc. (fs) $11,764 $27,960 -57.9 $1,120,000 1.1 Mining & Metals
94 100 Hydrogenics Corporation* $11,443 $10,926 4.7 $62,400 18.3 Energy/Oil & Gas
95 Mogo Finance Technology Inc. $11,373 $10,114 12.4 $48,681 23.4 Other Services
96 TECSYS Inc. $11,347 $10,749 5.6 $68,447 16.6 Software & Computer Services
97 77 Héroux-Devtek Inc. $11,281 $22,000 -48.7 $386,564 2.9 Aerospace
98 Baylin Technologies Inc. $11,248 $10,229 10.0 $91,642 12.3 Comm/Telecom Equipment
99 AgJunction Inc.* $10,662 $10,249 4.0 $60,750 17.6 Comm/Telecom Equipment
100 98 ShawCor Ltd. $10,536 $13,239 -20.4 $1,566,652 0.7 Other Manufacturing


Notes:
  1. Data were obtained through annual reports, financial statements, securities commission filings, or through a survey.
  2. We have attempted, whenever possible, to provide gross R&D spending before deduction of investment tax credits or government grants.
  3. We have attempted, wherever possible, to provide revenue net of interest and investment income.
  4. FY2016 R&D spending figures may have been adjusted as more accurate information became available.
  5. Canadian-owned company results include worldwide revenue and R&D spending; foreign subsidiaries (fs) for their Canadian operations only.
*Converted to CDN$ at annual average 2017 = 1.2986; 2016 = 1.3248 (Bank of Canada)
**Based on companies with $2 million or more of revenue
++Fiscal 2018 figures were used for year-ended January or February
fs = Foreign subsidiary (includes revenue and R&D spending for Canadian operations only)
nd = Not disclosed
(a) Sanofi Pasteur Limited and sanofi-aventis Canada Inc. (including Sanofi Genzyme Canada).


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